FTSE 100 set for record cash returns to investors but dividend forecasts stall – AJ Bell Dividend Dashboard Q3 2022

  • 2022 could become the best year ever for cash returns from the FTSE 100: £81.5 billion in forecast ordinary dividends; plus £1.6 billion in special dividends; and a record £50.3 billion in buybacks that have already been announced.
  • However, 2022 aggregate dividend forecasts are stalling amid recession fears, rising interest rates and weakness in metals prices impacting miners.
  • At £81.5 billion, dividends in 2022 are now expected to marginally undershoot the record payment of £85.1 billion in 2018.
  • FTSE 100 members forecast to increase ordinary dividend payments by 11% in 2022, although this figure is expected to slow to 8% in 2023.
  • Financials are now expected to be the biggest contributor to FTSE 100 dividends in the coming year, following cuts to estimates for miners’ dividend payments.
  • Three FTSE 100 firms are currently forecast to offer a double-digit yield in 2022 and twelve are expected to offer more than 7% this year – five financial companies, three housebuilders, two miners, one telecoms company and one tobacco firm.

 Russ Mould, AJ Bell investment director, comments:

 “The FTSE 100 is now expected to yield 4.1% in 2022, as both the headline index and analysts’ dividend forecasts struggle to make any notable progress. The index’s total dividend pay-out is expected to reach £81.5 billion in 2022, compared to £78.5 billion in 2021, excluding special dividends.

“Total payments peaked at £85.2 billion in 2018 and 2022 is flagging in its efforts to get closer to that mark, as analysts’ estimates for total payments lose ground. Concerns over increases in input costs, interest rates (and therefore the cost of capital) and a possible recession are all factors weighing on 2022, especially as metals prices are, in many cases, lower than earlier in the year.

“However, ongoing strength in oil and gas prices is giving support to estimates for 2023, for which analysts are still nudging up their dividend payment forecasts.

 “Analysts expect 2023 to set a new record-high for FTSE 100 ordinary dividend payments, even if profit growth is expected to slow (and then grind to a complete halt in 2024). Pre-tax income is expected to rise by 4% in 2023, while ordinary dividends are seen rising by 8% to £87.7 billion. This may reflect the additional room for manoeuvre offered by 2022’s forecast dividend cover of 2.36 times, the best figure since 2012.

“The lofty dividend cover ratio may also be the result of how more than one third of the FTSE 100’s members are running share buyback programmes as a means of returning cash to their shareholders.

“The aggregate total forecast for dividends, special dividends and share buybacks now totals £133.4bn for 2022, meaning it should surpass the £126.8bn combined figure achieved in 2018.”

Buyback bonanza surpasses £50bn

“FTSE 100 firms announced £36.7 billion of buybacks in the first six months of 2022 and added £13.6 billion more in the third quarter. That takes the total to £50.3 billion so far this year, way in excess of the peaks of 2006 and 2018, which came in between £33 billion and £34 billion.

“Such largesse does not smack of a lack of corporate confidence, despite the challenges posed by inflation, rising interest rates and fractured supply chains.

“Equally, some investors may assess bumper buyback plans with a more jaundiced eye, for two reasons.

“First, it is easier to start and stop a buyback than it is to increase or cut a dividend. There is far less likely to be heavy flak if a buyback is postponed or cancelled than if a dividend is reduced, or even cancelled.

“Second, it can be argued that buybacks are a contrarian indicator. FTSE 100 share buybacks reached a peak in 2006, just a year before the Great Financial Crisis, and then topped out again in 2018, just as the index reached an all-time closing high of 7,779 in July of that year.

“Even allowing for hefty buybacks, aggregate FTSE 100 dividend payments are still expected to grow by 11% to £81.5 billion in 2022 before a further 8% advance in 2023 to £87.7 billion.”


Source: Company accounts, Marketscreener, analysts’ consensus forecasts

Biggest dividend increases and decreases

“There have been meaty increases in dividends at Glencore, Shell, HSBC, AstraZeneca and BP. They are expected to more than offset anticipated falls at GSK (thanks to a change in corporate structure), Rio Tinto and Antofagasta, as well as the demotion of BHP and Ferguson as they switch their primary listings to Sydney and New York respectively. The dollar’s strength against the pound is also boosting the value of payments in sterling terms from Glencore, Shell, HSBC, AstraZeneca and BP, as they all declare their shareholder distributions in the US currency.

“This again highlights the importance of the miners, oils and financials to the overall direction of FTSE 100 profits and dividends. The strong commodity representation may attract the attention – and ire – of those investors who run strict ethical, social and governance (ESG) screens before they decide where to put their capital.”


Ten biggest forecast dividend increases and declines in 2022

2022 E

Dividend growth (£ million)


Dividend decline (£ million)











 B&M European Value Retail










British American Tobacco


 Admiral Group












 Rio Tinto






Source: Company accounts, Marketscreener, consensus analysts’ forecasts. *Haleon spun out of GSK in July 2022.

“Note also that miners’ dividend payments are expected to fall in 2023 and 2024, by some £1.6 billion in total across the two years, presumably as a reflection of fears that a recession will dent demand for industrial metals.

“This is one major reason dividend growth for the FTSE 100 overall is seen slowing in 2023 and 2024.”

Dividend cover to hit ten-year high

“A recession remains a major danger, but one other reason why dividend growth may be slowing is that dividend cover is improving, and executives may be keen to preserve this buffer.

“Some companies may be choosing to let earnings growth outpace dividend growth so they can reinvest in their businesses, bolster balance sheets and rebuild cover, so that their shareholder distributions are not quite the hostage to fortune that they proved to be in 2020, should another unexpected shock emerge from left field.

“The aggregate earnings cover ratio for the FTSE 100 is expected to come in at 2.36 times in 2022, according to analysts’ consensus and dividend forecasts. This is way higher than the 2.03 times earnings cover that was on offer in 2021 and represents the best earnings cover since 2012, when the ratio stood at 2.51 times.

“Generally, an earnings cover ratio north of 2x is seen as offering some support and comfort to dividend forecasts, as it suggests there is a buffer in case of any sudden or unexpected event, such as an economic downturn or company-specific problem which threatens profits.”


Source: Company accounts, Marketscreener, consensus analysts’ forecasts

Recession risk

“The combination of a drop in economic activity, plus higher interest rates and rising input costs could nonetheless pose a big risk to dividend forecasts.

“Analysts currently believe that 2022’s stated net profits will exceed not only the pre-pandemic peaks of 2017 but the high of 2013 as well, when Vodafone’s sale of its stake in an American joint venture with Verizon added considerably to the total.

“On an adjusted basis, net income in 2022 is expected to exceed not only the pre-pandemic peak of 2018, but also the all-time high of 2011, when commodity prices were roaring, and miners and oils generated 42% of the total between them. Analysts also see 2023 as offering a further small increase.”

Source: Company accounts, Marketscreener, consensus analysts’ forecasts

“Oils and mining stocks, with a little help from healthcare and consumer discretionary companies, are expected to underpin the forecast increase in FTSE 100 pre-tax profit for 2022. Although upgrades to earnings from oil and gas have been needed to offset decreases from precious and industrial metals.

“Shell, BP and Harbour Energy are expected to generate £76.7 billion in pre-tax income in 2022, up from £35.2 billion last year, while the FTSE 100’s sextet of miners is still seen churning out £57 billion this year against £43.6 billion in 2021.




Forecast pre-tax profit increase (£ billion)

Forecast of total FTSE 100 profits growth (%)

Oil & Gas






Health Care



Consumer Discretionary



Consumer Staples



Industrial goods & services












Real Estate









Source: Company accounts, Marketscreener, consensus analysts’ forecasts

“Neither sector is seen offering higher pre-tax earnings in 2023, however, when the oils are expected to generate £6 billion less and the miners fall by £13.8 billion. Increases at the banks, insurers and healthcare stocks underpin estimates for overall growth from the FTSE 100 next year.

“If the economy offers little or no assistance – or even serves as a hinderance – then these commodity-exposed earnings forecasts could find themselves exposed to the downside, potentially harming dividends.

“Equally, an unexpected rebound, and one that sparks a sustained increase in commodity prices as inflation takes a grip, could leave oils, miners and – by extension – the FTSE 100 sitting pretty.”

The ten firms forecast to have the highest yields in 2022

“At the time of writing, Persimmon is the highest-yielding individual stock, while Rio Tinto and M&G are also expected to offer a double-digit yield in 2022.

“Forecast yields of more than 10% may make investors a little wary, given the shocking record of firms previously expected to generate such bumper returns. As such, nothing can be taken for granted, again especially if a recession hits.”








Dividend yield (%)

Dividend cover (x)

Pay-out ratio (%)

Cut in last decade?



1.05 x


2014, 2019

Rio Tinto


1.70 x



M & G


1.00 x





2.86 x


2013, 2015, 2016, 2020

Barratt Develop.


1.37 x



Taylor Wimpey


2.00 x



Phoenix Group


0.47 x



Imperial Brands


1.59 x





1.00 x



Legal & General


1.89 x



Source: Company accounts, Marketscreener, analysts’ consensus forecasts, Refinitiv data. Ordinary dividends only.

“History suggests that it is not the highest-yielding stocks which prove to be the best long-term investments anyway (although the past is by no means a guide to the future).

“Often defending a high yield can be a burden for a firm, as it sucks cash away from vital investment in the underlying business, or can be a sign that the company is in trouble and investors are demanding such a high yield to compensate themselves for the perceived risks associated with owning the equity.”

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