Written by Daniel Casali, Chief Investment Strategist at wealth manager Evelyn Partners
Last year was a tumultuous one for financial markets. Both bond and equity prices fell sharply, a rare and unwelcome occurrence for multi-asset investors, as central banks moved abruptly to more aggressive monetary policy to address the highest inflation seen for 40 years.
Given the volatility seen in financial markets, in 2023 we expect investors to remain defensive and seek income-yielding securities backed by reliable cashflows to protect against potential further falls in markets. The good news is that the sell-off has led to the widest dispersion of dividend yield in global stocks for 13 years, excluding the pandemic.
In other words, dividend yields are high and there are more companies paying attractive yields. Assuming dividends are not cut, this is a time to play the field for yield and lock in the income they provide. Our analysis finds the highest one-year forward dividend yields are in the energy sector at 4.1%. This is supported by elevated energy prices and capital expenditure discipline.
Defensive areas of the equity market (e.g. consumer staples and utilities) and materials also score well on this front. This is in stark contrast to the low-yielding information technology, consumer discretionary and communications services sectors — which all pay dividend yields of less than 1.6%. There is an opportunity cost for sticking with such low-yielding stocks when short-term interest rates have risen and offer a higher return.
We see similarities in stock markets across different geographies. UK equities are expected to pay a dividend yield of 4.3%, the highest out of the major developed stock markets. This is supported by healthy company cashflows. The US, in contrast, is the lowest yielding market on 1.7%. Throughout 2023 we expect money to continue to flow into cashflow-backed income yielding assets, such as UK large-caps.
Once the US Federal Reserve stops raising interest rates, possibly by the summer of 2023, it may provide a chance to acquire government bonds where yields are up from a year ago and economic growth is slowing. A Fed pause may also be a catalyst for Asian (ex-Japan) stocks should it weaken the US dollar, which would help encourage capital to flow back to the region.
An improving situation in China, driven by the end of its zero-Covid policy, is another reason why Asian stocks could outperform global markets in 2023.
Balancing market headwinds and tailwinds
The stock market outlook still appears uncertain. Investors face plenty of headwinds, including lower global growth following interest rate hikes and the cost-of-living crisis. Oxford Economics projects subdued global real GDP growth of 1.2% in 2023, well below the 2.9% estimated for 2022. For investors, slower growth implies a downside risk to the consensus estimate of 3% Earnings Per Share growth for the MSCI All Country World equity index.
There are also plenty of geopolitical concerns for investors to consider. For instance, Washington raised tensions with Beijing by imposing an effective ban on US tech companies exporting high-spec chip-manufacturing equipment to China on 7 October. Meanwhile, the Chinese military has held increasingly aggressive operations close to the borders of Taiwan.
While there seems no sign of easing in Sino-US tensions, at least there are no scheduled presidential or general elections in G7 countries over the next year — the first time that has happened this century. This provides some stability and may help to ease political uncertainty.
In spite of choppy markets there are tailwinds to lift equities higher. Inflation is set to peak around the globe, giving central banks room to ease off from raising interest rates. Our analysis of the last six Fed hiking cycles shows that US stocks rose by 18%, on average, over the 12 months following a pause in rate increases.
Another tailwind would be if growth surprises on the upside. A lot depends on China. The Chinese authorities have largely scrapped their zero-Covid policies in response to the social unrest seen in many cities. With plenty of stimulus pumped into the economy already, Oxford Economics expects China’s real GDP growth to accelerate to 4.2% in 2023 from 3.1% in 2022.
And finally, US CPI inflation has come in below market expectations in the last two months, with the majority of economists anticipating a steady slowing throughout 2023. As inflation decelerates, real take-home pay (and spending) can be expected to recover. US household balance sheets are in decent shape following years of debt reduction since the Global Financial Crisis in 2008.
Furthermore, consumers also have aggregate ‘excess’ personal savings built up since the pandemic of around $2 trillion (circa 10% of take-home pay), which can help to cushion the rise in the cost of living.
In our view, much of the bad news is now baked into global stock market valuations. The MSCI All Country World index trades at an undemanding price-to-earnings ratio of 15 times, well down from the cyclical peak of 20 times in September 2020. This creates a favourable platform for higher dividend-yielding stocks to perform in 2023.
Nevertheless, expect plenty of market volatility as the global economy nurses its way through an inflationary hangover.